Learn as much as possible about the areas before setting off, you are going to travel. Remember – maps are not always very accurate, they do not accurately reflect all important points in the field, especially water sources. Before the main expedition, do some initial reconnaissance by organizing a few short light-gear outings.
USE OF BINOCULARS
Skillful use of binoculars can save you many kilometers of travel. First, the binoculars should be set according to the distance between our eyes, then focus. Scan the area carefully and slowly. Make observations from several different points, trying to fix, where rivers and streams run, and where there are higher elevations and other landmarks.
Binocularing – While exploring the area, slowly turn your head, sweeping the whole horizon with his eyes.
It is difficult to find a safe shelter on forestless slopes in the high parts of the mountains. We are exposed to the danger of rock and snow avalanches and sudden weather changes. Steeper sections can only be overcome with special climbing equipment and with the right skills.
In forests you have to watch out for dry trees, which, by collapsing, can seriously injure us. The backwoods are also a shelter for dangerous animals, like wild boars. It is also often difficult to wade through the thicket of trees and shrubs. However, they provide a lot of materials for building a shelter and food, like undergrowth.
In the desert, water is the primary problem. No clouds, which trap heat, causes, that there are large diurnal temperature fluctuations here; it is usually hot during the day, it is cold at night. As you wander through the deserts, only travel at night, moving from one water source to another.
They carry various dangers with them, therefore be careful when approaching them. You can cross the river by throwing a footbridge made of fallen tree trunks. You can also look for shallow water and cross the river ford . Do not forget, that the rivers are the shelter of various dangerous animals, such as crocodiles.
Humans can hardly tolerate the humidity and high temperatures of equatorial forests, but all kinds of insects and microorganisms thrive in this environment. In the jungle, even the smallest morning can become infected, food spoils quickly, and the clothes are still wet. Besides, tearing through the jungle is very tedious and exhausting.
There is a shortage of water in the vast grassy areas of the tropical zone. In addition, it is often difficult to find shelter in savannas that are rarely covered with trees. One should also remember about the danger of predators, that hunt for herbivores that usually graze in large herds in these areas.
Beach and sea
The sea must never be taken lightly; this huge element is always dangerous. In the areas, where there are significant sea tides, usually it is much more comfortable to march exposed at low tide, flat beach, than avoiding coves and steep cliffs. But then you have to constantly watch the sea, watching when the tide starts. Also remember, that dangerous creatures can be found on the beach and coastal shoals.