March – Establishing a route – The dangers

ROUTE SETTING – The best way to establish a route is to walk it. However, this method is not very practical, especially in critical situations, when you need to save yourself. Before setting off, you should find a high vantage point – hill or tree, that you can safely climb – and use binoculars and a map to try to determine the optimal route. In the jungle, the ridges of the hills are usually less vegetated than valleys, therefore they are easier to follow. However, in the valleys, along rivers or streams, there may be comfortable well-trodden paths. Always try to choose the safest and easiest route, especially if you are not on a sightseeing tour, you just need to save yourself and your companions.


Regular stops are very necessary, especially when the group is walking. Do your best, that they always last approx 10 minutes, but don't start counting the time, until the last one in the group arrives at the berth and sits down. While the main group is resting, the most skilled can investigate the way forward.


Walk slowly at night, examining the ground in front of him with his foot, before you stand on it with your full weight. Try to make the best use of moonlight and starlight; avoid wooded areas. Crouch and look up, to the sky marking its further path according to the stars. Look at the passing objects and various objects in the field from the side rather than straight ahead. Pause regularly from time to time, standing still and listening to the silence. Check the direction of your march with a compass and a map at every opportunity.

Eye accommodation

It is the ability of the eye to adapt to the reduced light intensity, which allows you to see objects in the dark. If you need to look at a map or compass, use a flashlight, it's better to close one eye, then your eyesight will get accustomed to the dark faster.


There are many dangers for a walker moving in the wild – from the possibility of twisting a leg to an insect bite or a poisonous snake.
For example, many species of biting flies plague many North American woodlands and wetlands. Ticks are also one of these dangers, which you can accidentally knock down by breaking through the bushes. You need to adapt your pace and walking style to the type of terrain, otherwise you risk injury. During an exhausting walk, you can also overheat your body. Remember to take airy clothes and wear onions.


Different species of hornets (Vespa) occur in the temperate zone. When marching, be careful of these insects, to avoid a painful sting.