On land, it is not always certain that you can or should always move in a straight line according to the azimuth indicated by the compass. Poniżej przedstawiono kilka przykładów pokazujących jak omijać przeszkody w terenie, and at the same time not to lose orientation, using the compass. They allow you to avoid unnecessary detours or getting lost. Zawsze trzeba pilnować azymutu, even if the direction he sets is only of auxiliary importance at a given moment.
The compass draws the direction by means of an azimuth with an accuracy of approx 10-20 You might pass a fork in a river after you travel one kilometer, as in the plan above, Fr. 300 meters one way or the other. Worse when on the shore, you won't know, which way to go, to reach the fork. To avoid this, you can deviate slightly from the direction shown by the compass. It will, after reaching the river bank, find out, which way to turn, to reach the fork.
Along a river or road
If there is an obstacle in the way of sifting, you can walk along the river bank, hills be road, which will lead us to the goal. First you need to determine the azimuth on the element in the field, along which we intend to move. In this example, it is the bank of the river. The hill is about 250 ° from the nearest point on the shore. Then walk along the river, walking around the hill, until it appears at an angle of 250 °. Then turn left, choosing this azimuth.
After the spirit level
Moving on the same height, we follow the line corresponding to the contour line on the map. This is an extremely effective method of determining the direction in the field, especially in the jungle, where it is easier to lose orientation by going to azimuth than ,,on the spirit level ". This way of walking also saves energy, because you don't lose height unnecessarily.
Circumventing an obstacle
The limits of some of the bigger obstacles, such as quakes, they are not always accurately drawn on the map. Always keep the chosen azimuth when walking around them, and when bouncing to the side while passing an obstacle, measure the distance. Once you head back in the right direction, you will know how long to go, to go back to the previous course.
CALCULATION OF THE ROUTE
When you go on foot, you can or count the steps, or use a watch. The length of the steps varies, depending on terrain and walking pace. By timing it is easier to estimate the distance traveled. Stop after the first ones 10 minutes, to calculate the path from the map, you have traveled. This way you will know your walking pace. You can stop every hour afterwards, for correcting the course according to the map and checking baggage. Over time, you will learn to measure your average walking speed with great accuracy. A good walker passes with a load and in rough terrain moderately 4 km per hour, going pretty fast.