This is a quick and fairly easy way to go down the wall. Fix the rope securely by passing it over the edge of the wall, let it hang freely. You slide down the rope using the so-called abseil key. The rope must pass under the right thigh, diagonally across the chest over the left shoulder and behind the back. With your left hand, grab the end of the rope that passes between your legs, and the right one – hanging down. The right hand is the locking hand. By bringing it closer to each other, the arc of contact increases, a slows down the descent speed, dismissing – vice versa. Left hand – the guide helps to maintain the correct body position, it is not allowed to tighten the rope. When descending, the body position must be as upright as possible; legs slightly apart should touch the rock. It is good to try to "descend" the wall with small steps.
Exit – The right hand controls the speed of the descent.
If it is necessary to climb a wall greater than the rope length, you have to climb in stages – from one safety stand to the next. Etapy te, not exceeding the length of the rope, are called extracts.
1 The leader climbs the easiest and safest way. Before difficult places, he can insert hexes or other safety cubes into the gaps and connect them to the rope with a carabiner, creating a safety through point. In the event of a fall off, such points will shorten the flight distance. Standing on the lower stand, he supports the leader by giving him the rope.
2 After reaching the appropriate place to set up the position, the leader puts on self-insurance and pulls the belayer, who starts climbing by eliminating the safety points set up by the leader along the way. Standing on the top post, protects the approaching person by choosing, if necessary, slack. When both climbers stand in the upper position, you can start a new lift.