TYPES OF JUNGLE
A secondary equatorial forest is growing in areas, on which people burned trees, to be able to cultivate the land. After the harvest, they left the burned clearings and the forest began to grow back again. The sunlight reached the ground, causing lush vegetation of the undergrowth. It is very difficult to wade through the green thicket typical of this type of jungle.
In the primeval equatorial forest, trees reach 60 meters high, and their crowns form a dense green vault, which stops the sun's rays. When viewed from above, it collapses and rises along with the terrain, overgrown by the jungle. Most of the animals live in the upper floors of the forest, moving from crown to crown.
The vegetation is very rare below the vault of the original jungle, because of the lack of sun. Long lianas hang from above, and the smaller representatives of the plant and animal world try to find a place and a patch of sun at different levels of humid, dark forest.
MOVING IN THE JUNGLE
Walking in the primeval equatorial forest is not very difficult. By contrast, tearing through the dense, the dense vegetation of the secondary jungle comes with the greatest difficulty. Having to clear your way with a machete significantly slows down your pace, which becomes very tiring. It is all the more burdensome, that many creepers and tangled lianas have sharp thorns, and many biting insects around the summer. If you are already entangled in any thorny climber, it's best to slowly step back, repeating the movements in the reverse order, trapped you.
Some species of reed palm can tear clothing to shreds. If you get tangled up in such a plant, you must wait calmly, until someone sets you free.
The closer we get to the equator, the more regular it becomes, the daily rhythm of days and nights. In areas along the equator, dawn and dusk occur exactly at the same time of the year. Even rains adapt to this rhythm, usually falling at the same time, just before dark. There is no gray hour there, as in areas of greater latitude, dusk comes right away, the darkness covers the earth instantly. It is best to start the day at dawn and work or march until noon, and then rest in the hottest heat. On the way, you should start looking for a camping site around three in the afternoon, so as not to be surprised by the darkness.
Many dangers await the traveler in the jungle – from wild animals to dangerous diseases, such as malaria. Staying in constant moisture can cause athlete's foot, therefore you should wash your feet regularly and sprinkle talcum powder. Always shake it off before putting on clothes, because at night poisonous snakes or spiders could nest in it. Before you go to the tropics, get the malaria vaccine and always have medication for the disease in your first aid kit.. When going into the forest, do not regret any measures against insects; lubricate them thickly, and hang mosquito nets at night.
The female fork mosquito (Anopheles) can transmit the malaria-causing spore (otherwise dab).
The leeches sucked on the body should not be torn off, because the jaws may remain and cause an infection. It should be scorched with an incandescent stick or insecticide, let her loosen her grip, and just unhook.