Crossing the river – a lot of
When crossing the river ford you need to have some shoes on your feet, which will allow you to walk confidently on the often rocky bottom. Watch out for the boggy mul, underwater vegetation and sudden changes in river depth. Look at the surface of the water in front of you, pay attention to waves and other signs, evidence of hidden obstacles under water. Always go very slowly.
Take the long stick while crossing the river, explore the bottom with it. With a fast current, you can also rely on it. Move sideways, across the river, putting one leg to the other. Place your feet firmly on the bottom. Do your best, that the steps are short and gliding. Keep your grip firmly on the stick and be careful, so that the current does not knock you over.
When crossing the river, a few people can line up in a row and hold their arms tightly. In the event of one person stumbling, the others can sustain it. The strongest person lines up on the side of the river current. The weakest point is inside. The leader decides where to cross and takes the first steps. Walk slowly and carefully, trying to keep my balance.
Three people can form a circle by tightly hugging each other's shoulders and bending the waist slightly inward. The strongest person should be on the current side of the river and lead the group. The other two should support her in the event of a fall. This method is perfect for going into shallow fords, torrents.
If the water is too deep, to cross the ford, you have to swim. A float can be made to facilitate the crossing. Before entering the water, choose a convenient place to exit on the other bank.
1. Take off clothes, roll them into a bundle and put them in a plastic bag with the equipment. Tie the bag tightly.
2. Enter the water carefully. Choose a location slightly diagonally from your target point, upstream, taking the correction for drift by the current. Do not rest your whole body on the float, just put your arms on it. Wiggle your legs vigorously, to move forward.
Before entering the water, undress (except the shoes, if you are going to wade). You can leave something waterproof on you, to protect against cold water. It causes the body to cool down, that you feel lethargic. Immediately after crossing the river, wipe dry and put on dry, warm clothes. If possible, make a hot sweet drink and drink it right away. If you are in a group, help this, who got the chills. The group leader should quickly get everyone together and check, if anyone has symptoms of hypothermia. If such people in need are not helped quickly, they may die of hypothermia. The best way to warm someone is to put them in a sleeping bag with another person. Serving hot drinks is also effective, covering with warm clothes and cheering up.
More symptoms of hypothermia:
■ Chills, gooseflesh, pale skin
■ Apathy, irrational behavior, memory loss, whimsicality, belligerence
■ Drowsiness punctuated by sudden bursts of energy
■ Brief blackouts, shallow breathing, flutter
■ Slow and poor heart rate; this can even lead to cardiac arrest