Adaptation of man to the environment

Thanks to their intelligence and ingenuity, people have taken over all environments on the globe, beyond the oceans. Individual communities have adapted this way biologically, and civilization to the conditions in the area, who live. For centuries primitive peoples owe their survival to life in harmony and closeness with nature, adjusting your habits to local conditions. Over the centuries, they have also produced purely biological adaptations, which caused anthropological differences between the human races. Contemporary man, however, lives in isolation from nature and has adapted to exist in an artificial one,
concrete urban environment, thus losing the ability to deal with wildlife. In the city, everyone works alone, completely detached from the rest of the world and nature with its natural cycles. To survive in the wild, an urban creature must re-learn the practical skills that would ensure the survival of its ancestors, and which are constantly used by primitive peoples in remote parts of the Earth.

A man living in a city lives in an artificially created environment, addicted to technique, freed from the daily struggle for food. He has time to develop his own interests. He usually travels by car or other means of transport, on foot only covering short distances. Exceptions are people who go hiking or jogging for recreational purposes.
Central heating and air conditioning systems make, that the living conditions in one city are very similar to these, which prevail in the second, regardless of local climatic differences. Living in a city requires mastering certain skills and abilities, which are of little use in the wild. It all does, that the average city dweller is a creature badly prepared for the hardships of the struggle for survival.
This turns out to be extremely useful in the wild, what we used to call the practical sense, as well as the ability to apply when solving everyday, the simplest problems of basic knowledge of natural sciences. The city dweller got used to coping. First, because of the dizzying pace of city life, po drugie – usually nothing forces him to do so. However, in the field of time it is usually in abundance, and the occasion, in which you need to demonstrate practical skills, not missing.

A city dweller usually needs special equipment, to be able to survive in the wild, unknown terrain.

Until forty years ago, the Eskimos dressed in animal skins, and they built igloos during their hunting expeditions, which served as a shelter for them. Eskimos have large and efficient livers. Therefore, their bodies can convert proteins into carbohydrates, missing from the diet. Admittedly today, modernity has reached human settlements in the Arctic, The Eskimos, however, retained their physical abilities to adapt to life in harsh polar conditions.

Waorani hunter
Indian inhabitants of the Amazon forest thickets are engaged in hunting and cultivating the land in the environment, where there is an abundance of game, and everything grows rapidly when wet, equatorial climate. An extensive method of cultivation involving the burning of the forest, and then waiting for the harvest, of which there are several during the year, provides enough food with little effort, this leaves the Amazon Indians plenty of time for activities and entertainment together.

Sherpas, people who lived on the slopes of the Himalayas, they are very well adapted to life in the mountains. They have short and strong legs and high capacity lungs, which allows them to make considerable effort at high altitudes. They can carry huge weights without losing their breath and strength, what the people of the lowlands experience. People who inhabit the mountains have also found the ability to produce additional red blood cells, which compensates for the low oxygen content in the air, they breathe at great altitudes.

Never staying long in one place of desert nomads, Tuaregs, they perfectly adapted to the harsh living conditions prevailing there. They raise cattle, which they chase along the desert trails from one oasis to the next. They eat meat, with the blood and milk of animals. Attempts to enforce the observance of political boundaries by nomadic shepherds, can have tragic consequences for them. This may limit them, activities to small areas, too small, that they find enough water and food for their animals.

Inhabitants of humid equatorial forests growing on high mountains have to endure heavy rains and stuffiness in this zone, as well as gusty mountain winds and severe winds, especially at night, chill in the higher parts of the mountains. Hence, the Papuans living in these areas had to adapt to such exceptional weather conditions and great temperature fluctuations.. No special equipment, and most of all clothes, the white man would be doomed there.

Regardless of the raw one, and a poor environment at the same time, where the original inhabitants of Australia have lived for centuries, they are able to survive there without having any material goods, that would make their lives easier. They live very close to nature, keeping a shaky balance on the brink of survival, endowed only with the wealth of their legends, age-old customs and deep knowledge of local conditions, which allows them to fight for existence.