1 You can make a makeshift water container from a pliable, green bark, for example, from birch. First, cut a rectangular piece of bark.
2 Soak the horns with water, to soften the bark and gently fold the edges, as shown in the picture.
3 From the split sticks, make tongs that hold the corners of the box. Glue its sides with pine resin, which can be scraped off the bark of the tree. Keep the corners squeezed with sticks until now, until the resin is dry.
4 After the resin is dry, remove the sticks. Then smear the inside of the container with pine resin. Use a twig brush with a split tip for lubrication. Set the box aside to dry.
The bamboo stalk is divided into sections with knots. They form partitions, therefore the stalk is made up of separate ones, closed chambers, which are perfect for dishes. The bamboo stalk must be cut 2 cm below one knot, and then also approx 2 cm below the second. This will create a cup with a partition as a bottom.
Gourds or pumpkins after the flesh is hollowed out are excellent dishes. Cut the top of the gourd, then use a knife or a stick to pick the pulp from the center. Do this carefully, leaving only the woody cover.
1 if, e.g, you want to collect a supply of water during the rainy season, to survive the dry season, or when you need large amounts of water, you must be able to collect it.
Choose a place first, in which groundwater is collected, for example, a natural depression in the ground, and deepen them, until you reach clay or hard rock.
2 Line the bottom and the edges of the pit with an impregnated cloth or line it with damp clay, to create a water-repellent coating. During the day, cover the depression with a tarpaulin or a densely woven twig mat, to reduce evaporation. Remove the mat or sheet at night and in rain. The hollow will slowly fill with rainwater and the dew settling on the bottom. Replenish your water supply regularly, remembering, that some of them are constantly evaporating.
■ Always filter and disinfect water before drinking natural spring water.
■ Try to keep as much water as possible, to meet the daily needs of the body and still have a small supply.
■ Set up as many rainwater catch vessels as possible in rainy weather.
■ Be respectful of the water. Try not to spill it when pouring it, never waste it, even if there was a lot of it at a given moment. remember, that it may be missing at any moment.
■ Never drink urine or sea water untreated. In critical situations, you can distil drinking water from them.
■ Drink plenty of water during this time as well, when it's cold. Active physical exertion, for example, clearing a road in snow or skiing, causes the release of large amounts of sweat. If water losses are not replenished, the body is at risk of dehydration.
■ Don't eat a lot, if you don't have water, because it is essential in the digestive process; you will feel an increased thirst after eating.