Even the simplest climb can be life threatening. The most experienced mountaineers sometimes get stuck in the rock, fall off the wall or seek help from mountain rescuers. The advanced climbing techniques outlined below require a lot of skill, similar to climbing a rope, are part of the auto-rescue in the mountains, that is, the methods used by mountaineers, when they find themselves in an emergency. Man, who was in serious trouble, must be able to use all possible means. That is why it is worth learning about the climbing techniques described here. Before you try them out though, reach for the climbing manual and ask the instructor to practice under his supervision.
It is a technique of overcoming cracks and chimneys, that is, vertical indentations in a rock with two parallel or almost parallel faces. The width of the chimney decides how to restrict it. In each variation of this technique, the upward movement is due to the force of friction, not steps and grips.
1 Before going into the chimney, check, does it have an outlet. Do not go into a damp chimney; always stick to dry edges. In a fairly wide chimney, keep your back against one wall, legs against the other and spread them apart.
2 Place one foot and your hand against the back wall, the other hand and the foot against the opposite. Now you can tear your back off the wall and push your legs up.
Climbing the stapler allows you to rest from time to time. You should simultaneously lean back in the chimney and straighten your feet with your feet, let your hands down freely.
From below, any rock cuts may seem impenetrable, especially if we cannot see the catches there. Some of these formations ending with a narrow ledge can be overcome by pulling yourself on the hands and hooking the heel at the edge of the ledge., at the height of the elbows. It's a difficult technique, requires great physical fitness; it should only be used then, when there is no other way to avoid the obstacles.
1 Go as high as possible to the overhanging part of the rock. Rest your elbows on the shelf, keep your heels low.
2 Pull up on your elbows, stay as close as possible to the wall. Try to hook your heel over the edge of the shelf with your foot.
3 Straighten your shoulders, Lift your knee above the shelf, swing your dangling leg lightly and lift yourself above the ledge.